How Gender and Race Stereotypes Impact the Advancement of Scholars in STEM: Professors’ Biased Evaluations of Physics and Biology Post-Doctoral Candidates (Eaton, Saunders, Jacobson, & West, 2019)

This paper’s results highlight how understanding the underrepresentation of women and racial minorities in STEM requires examining both racial and gender biases as well as how they intersect.

Violence and economic activity: evidence from African American patents, 1870–1940 (Cook, 2014)

This paper uses the rise in mass violence between 1870 and 1940 as an historical experiment for determining the impact of ethnic and political violence on economic activity, namely patenting. The findings imply that ethnic and political conflict may affect the level, direction, and quality of invention and economic growth over time.